Seniors, we all have to face the fact that as we age, our bodies and mind change. Some changes may just be part of normal aging, while other changes may be a warning sign of a medical problem. It is important to know the difference. Many common medical and health issues, both genetic and environmental, affect how we age. Older adults have limited regenerative abilities and are more prone to disease, syndromes, and sickness so may be affected severely and more easily. Most conditions result from decreased function or degeneration of the involved organ. Advances in medications and physical health treatment techniques are allowing people to live longer. However, the body we had at forty may be a very different body than the one we have when we reach our golden years.
With age, you have a slower reaction time, your skin gets thinner, your immune system weakens, and your sense of task and smell diminish. Understanding the associated potential challenges and the common medical and health issues that you may face one day, can lead to a safer and healthier life. From diagnosis, to acceptance and lifestyle changes, to treatment and understanding the potential complications and dangers associated with each condition, knowledge is power. While a doctor’s visit may be needed to address medical issues, there are some common ailments that may benefit from home remedies.
Bed Sores – Bed sores are a very common problem faced many elderly or senior citizens of the world. If you find yourself in a bed or chair on a regular basis, you may find yourself with a sore. It is always better to prevent rather than treat any medical condition. Massaging sore areas to stimulate circulation and keeping the areas dry are two great preventive measures. Maintain a healthy diet rich in vitamins and fiber and avoid too many meats.
Cough – When substances irritate the nerve endings in the airways between the throat and lungs we cough. A cough is the body’s way of trying to clear the passages. While a chronic cough can be a sign of a serious illness, most people consider the common cough to be more of an annoyance than a health issue. But there are home remedies to get rid of the common cough.
Acid Reflux Disease and Heartburn Pain – We all get it from time to time, that heartburn associated with a particularly spicy meal or other food that aggravates our digestive system. But for some people, the discomfort is an indications of acid reflux, or GERD, which occurs when food, acid contents, bilious material or pancreatic juices travel back up into your esophagus.
Home Remedies for Asthma – Asthma can be very dangerous, even cause death. The severity of asthma varies from person to person. But everyone with asthma can benefit by preventing it before breathing becomes a problem. One obvious irritant is smoking. Even secondary smoke is enough to cause someone with asthma to suffer an attack. So avoid any confined areas with smoke. But there are a number of other things you can do as well.
Cold and Flu – A cold is an upper respiratory infection caused by any one of hundreds of different viruses and the body has to rely on its own natural defenses. Once you are infected, however, you can try to reduce some of the aches and pains.
Laxative – Constipation may be embarrassing. But most of use realize it can be debilitating. Instead of rushing to the drug store for a laxative, consider some natural home remedies to relieve your discomfort.
Warts – Warts are often deemed as unwanted or as unpleasant often found on the back of the hand, around fingernails and on the fingers. They can also be found on elbows and knees. Warts are rarely non-cancerous, but they can be unsightly. Many people prefer to get rid of them rather than waiting for them to go away on their own, which can take months to years. Consider using one of these four home remedies.
Hair Loss – Loss of hair can occur due to a sebaceous cysts, medication, fungal infections, poor digestion, parasites or nutritional deficiencies. In many cases, hair loss can be temporary. Sometimes a medical condition may be the culprit. For example, an over or under active thyroid gland can cause hair to fall out. Propecia and Minoxidil are drugs that have been reported to having shown some success in partially reversing loss but there are potential serious side effects and your current medical condition may exclude you from using these products. Anemia can cause hair loss. However iron supplements should not be taken without medical professional consultation. Unless you have an underlying medical condition or take a medication that affect your iron level, a healthy diet should prevent anemia. If you suffer from a metabolic disorder you may have thinning or brittle hair and nails. In this case Zinc and Biotin may help promote hair growth. Consult with your physician regarding consumption of supplements.
Athletes Foot – Athlete’s foot is known to be caused by the ringworm fungus known as trichophyton. The fungus grows much easier in damp, warm environments. So prevention should include wearing cotton socks, using foot powder, airing your feet, avoiding tight shoes, and making sure you dry your feet and change socks/shoes if they get damp.
Eczema – Eczema is basically very dry or inflamed skin. It can be a chronic skin disorder that results in itchy rashes. Stress can trigger an eczema outbreak. You may be susceptible to eczema due to diet, genetics, a weakened immune system and epidermal functional abnormalities.
When a medical professional is needed, it can be scary selecting the right specialist and/or hospital. After all, depending on the required procedures, your very life may be in their hands. While no guarantee, there are some sites where you can get information regarding patient satisfaction and feedback, survival statistics, and general reviews. At minimum, you can obtain statistics for making more educated and confident decisions. Some options are:
Medications, Side Effects and Interactions
Medications commonly prescribed to senior citizens are listed below. To read about potential dangerous interactions and potential side effects, simply type in the name of the drug in the search box at http://www.drugs.com/drug_interactions.html. This information is not intended to replace consultation and coordination with your doctor. Always let your doctor know if you are experiencing unusual or unexpected responses.
To read more about prescription drugs, over-the-counter medications, and medical devices that have the potential to cause patients serious harm go to http://www.drugwatch.com/seniors/. The website is continually updated with drug recall news, recent FDA approvals, drug interactions, side effects, and current developments in the medical field. In addition, their patient advocates work with their patients to help ensure everyone gets the treatment and care they deserve.
|Drug Name of Medication||Generic Name||Therapeutic Category/ Common Use|
|Accupril||Quinapril||ACE Inhibitor/Blood Pressure|
|Aldactone||Spironolactone||Aldosterone Antagonist/ Blood Pressure|
|Ambien||Zolpidem||Anxiolytics, sedatives, hypnotics|
|Apresoline||Hydralazine||Vasodilator/ Blood Pressure|
|Ativan||Lorazepam||Anxiolytics, sedatives, hypnotics|
|Cardizem(Cartia, Dilacor)||Diltiazem||Calcium Channel Blocker/ Blood Pressure|
|Combivent (Proventil, Ventolin, Volumax, Airet)||Albuterol/Ipratropium||Respiratory Agent|
|Cordarone||Amiodarone||Antiarrhythmics / Cardiovascular|
|Coreg||Carvedilol||Anti-Adrenergic Agents – Beta Adrenergic Blocker|
|Cozaar||Losartan||Angiotensin II Inhibitor/ Blood Pressure|
|Darvocet-N 100 (Darvocet-N 50, E-Lor, Propacet 100, Trycet)||Acetaminophen/ Propoxyphene||Analgesic|
|DiaBeta (Glynase, PresTab)||Glyburide||Antidiabetic Agent|
|Effexor (XR)||Venlafaxine (XR)||Antidepressant|
|Flomax||Tamsulosin||Anti-Adrenergic Blocker – Peripherally Acting/ BPH (Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy)|
|Glucophage (Glumetza)||Metformin||Antidiabetic Agent|
|Glucotrol XL||Glipizide||Oral Antidiabetic Agent|
|HCTZ/Triamterene (Maxzide, Dyazide)||Triamterene/HCTZ||Diuretic|
|Hyzaar||Losartan/HCTZ||Angiotensin Antagonist – Diuretic / Blood Pressure|
|Isordil||Isosorbide Dinitrate||Anti-Anginal Agent|
|ISMO (Monoket, Imdur)||Isosorbide Mononitrate||Anti-Anginal Agent|
|Klor-Con (Cena-K, Gen-K, K-8, K +10, Kaochlor, Kaon-Cl, Kato, Kay-Ciel, K+Care, K-Dur, K-Lor, Klorvess, Klotrix, K-Lyte/Cl Powder, K-Norm, K-Sol, K-Tab, Micro-K, Potasalan, Rum-K, Slow-K, Ten-K)||Potassium Chloride||Potassium Replacement|
|Lanoxin (Digitek, Cardoxin Lanoxicaps)||Digoxin||Cardiac Glycoside/ CHF|
|Lopressor||Metoprolol||Beta Blocker/ Blood Pressure|
|Lotensin||Benazepril||ACE inhibitor/ Blood Pressure|
|Microzide (Esidrix, HydroDIURIL, Microzide, Oretic, Hydro-chlor, Hydro-D, Carzide, Diaqua , Ezide, Hydro Par, HCTZ)||Hydrochlorothiazide||Thiazide Diuretic|
|Mobic||Meloxicam||Anti-Inflammatory – Analgesic|
|Nitrogard (Nitrosta, Nitroquickt)||Nitroglycerin||Vasodilator|
|Norvasc||Amlodipine||Calcium Channel Blocker|
|Percocet (Endocet, Roxicet, Tylox, Roxilox)||Acetaminophen/ Oxycodone||Analgesic/Narcotic|
|Premarin (Congest, Cenestin, Prempro, Premphase)||Conjugated Estrogen||Estrogen Replacement|
|Septra (Cotrima, Bactrim, Cofatrim Forte, Sulfatrim)||Trimethoprim/ Sulfamethoxazole||Sulfonamide; Antibiotic Combination|
|Sterapred (Codrol, Deltasone, Liquid Pred, Meticorten, Orasone, Prednicot, Prednisone Intesol, Pred-Pak)||Prednisone||Glucocorticoid/ Steroid|
|Synthroid (Levothroid, Levoxyl, Levo-T, Euthyrox, Unithroid)||Levothyroxine||Synthetic Thyroid Agent|
|Tenormin||Atenolol||Beta Blocker/ Blood Pressure|
|Toprol XL (Lopressor)||Metoprolol||Beta Blocker/ Blood Pressure|
|Vasotec||Enalapril||ACE Inhibitor/ Blood Pressure|
|Vicodin (Allay, Anexsia, Anolor, Bancap, Co-Gesic, Dolacet, Dolagesic, Duocet, Hycomed, Hyco-Pap, Hydrocet, Hydrogesic,HY-PHEN, Lorcet, Lortab, Margesic-H, Oncet, Danacet 5/500, Panlor, Polygesic, Stagesic, T-Gesic, Ugesic, Vanacet, Vendone, Zydone)||Acetaminophen/ Hydrocodone||Analgesic|
|Xanax (Niravam)||Alprazolam||Anxiolytics, sedatives, hypnotics|
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